Research and Sustainability

Incrementability and the cluster model


The sustainability pursued by Claudio Quarta in his three wineries is not only environmental, but also economic and social. Indeed, sustainable development is complete when it includes all three elements of sustainability.

However, this is not enough, since it is the duty of each of us to leave something more to those who will come.


Incrementability” is the concept coined by the Winemaker himself to express the need to go beyond sustainability, since not compromising the needs of future generations is not enough anymore. Instead, it is necessary to let them have new opportunities and better conditions. The key can only be new knowledge, the only one which can generate true environmental, social and economic sustainability.

This translates into a more protected biodiversity, a defended but above all valued environment, cultivation and production techniques oriented towards the quality and respect for the pedological characteristics of the soil. It means embracing a global path of respect and love for tradition, to be rethought and innovated. The business model is here based on the study and respect of micro-territories and crops, on the collaboration with universities and research centers, on the enhancement of individual peculiarities and local identities according to a “cluster” model. It is a system that allows over time to increase volumes and turnover through a wider range of wines, without ever forcing the production of a single winery in order not to compromise quality and authenticity.

A model in which the stem is the heart which deals with supervision and trade, while the grapes are the wineries scattered in different territories, expressed through quality wines, in production contexts recovered with scrupulous attention and with a conservative restoration that enhances their individual peculiarities.
From this work some unicum were born, which, within their architectural beauty, never divert attention from the grapes growing, vineyards and wines, protagonists of the production chain, followed in every single ring by Claudio Quarta.


Our green footprint

All three wineries are committed to minimizing the environmental impact of an activity which by nature entails a considerable expenditure of water and a significant release of CO2 into the atmosphere. The production of wine, in fact, despite the great attention of the agricultural practices followed in the vineyard, in our case under integrated pest management and some organically bred particles, is an activity with a strong propensity to pollute: the only alcoholic fermentation every year in the three wineries of Claudio Quarta produces 90 tons of CO2.
It should also be said that 1 hectare of vineyard absorbs 15 tons of carbon dioxide, therefore the activity naturally carried out by 6 hectares of vineyard would be enough to compensate for the quantity produced. The 50 hectares of vineyards owned by Tenute Eméra bring the “environmental balance” in a positive way with an absorption capacity of 660 tons / year of CO2.

Other green footprint activities have been added to this “remediation work” naturally carried out by the vineyards:

– the choice of a certified renewable energy electricity supplier which allows to save up to 220 tons of CO2 per year
– the adoption of a photovoltaic system at Sanpaolo winery to save up to 12 tons of CO2 / year, moreover in the near future a large system for Tenute Eméra will be planted
– the use of lighter bottles which results in a CO2 saving, varying between 250 gr and 1Kg, for each Km traveled by the different means of transport, to bring our wines all over the world.

Also, with regard to the waste of water resources, used to irrigate the vineyards and for the cleaning of the tanks (which require drinking water), the following measures are taken:

– For irrigation, rainwater is collected from the garden roof that covers the cellar and the water already used for washing is reused after phytodepuration with papyrus.
– Thanks to the restoration of a groundwater well and the installation of a drinking water system, the winery today saves 840,000 liters of drinking water.

These are choices made in the belief that the whole world should go back to increasingly healthy and sustainable agriculture, craftsmanship, where the industry not only does not impoverish the territory but rather leaves something good and useful for those who will come.

The daily commitment in the Claudio Quarta Vignaiolo winery follows the guiding light of the “three P’s” of sustainability: People, Profit, Planet. By giving value to each of them, to go beyond just SUSTAINABILITY which together with KNOWLEDGE can produce INCREMENTABILITY and leave something more for future generations.

The projects in the Winery

    In 2007, in collaboration with the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Milan and Insubria Biopark, an ambitious project was launched for the preservation and enhancement of vine biodiversity. In three years, from 2008 to 2010, six reproductions of over 500 rare vine varieties from the Mediterranean basin were planted. Since 2014 the micro-fermentation of some varieties selected on the basis of both the aromatic profile and balance between sugar concentration and acidity and their possible resistance to infections has been conducted every year. The wines thus obtained are tasted by the staff of Claudio Quarta Vignaiolo with the team of Professor Attilio Scienza and Osvaldo Failla, of the Faculty of Agriculture of Milan. The best varieties, the so-called “Hits“, are identified and kept under observation. Since 2017, new varieties have been planted to enrich the biodiversity heritage. Since 2015, the Hits selected from the Biodiversity Collection have been replicated in about 60 copies in order to obtain greater quantities to be vinified on a larger scale. The Hits which confirm their positive characteristics under a tasting profile become “Lead” and are replicated even more extensively to allow a more in-depth evaluation and to follow a possible integration process in the regional ampelographic heritage.
  • WINEGRAFT @ Tenute Eméra
    In 2014, Claudio Quarta Vignaiolo together with some of the most important Italian wineries joined the Research project “Wine Graft – The new rootstocks” coordinated by the scientific team of Professor Scienza. The project concerns a very topical issue for world viticulture, dealing with health emergencies, the effects of water stress and soil salinity due to climate change, but also with the need to reduce energy inputs in a view to sustainability. The research is aimed to obtain rootstocks which are better than the ones used traditionally, capable of tolerating drought and resisting high levels of active limestone in the soil. In 2014, 4 new rootstocks were registered in the National Register (M1, M2, M3, M4) and research continues to obtain ideal rootstocks for all environments. The goal is now to develop a new generation more suited to stress conditions and to be able to create individual rootstocks suitable for any type of environment.

    In 2018, the same clone of Negroamaro was implanted on the 4 traditional rootstocks and on the 4 M series, in rows of the same plot, and subjected to the same cultivation practices. Their characteristics are being observed.